The implementation of Pass Ticket support requires customization within both TPX and the security system.
|Define TPX in ACF2 for pass tickets:
- Write rules for FASTAUTH calls for CLASS=PTKTDATA, ATTR=UPDATE, and ENTITYX=‘PTKTGEN.applid.userid‘.
- Then create PTKTDATA profile records.
SET PROFILE(PTKTDATA) DIVISION(SSIGNON)
INSERT TSOSYS2.USERA SSKEY(c237d18425cfe12d)
INSERT TSOSYS2.GRP1 SSKEY(88db3ea2824fa972)
INSERT TSOSYS2 SSKEY(c237d18425cfe12d)
See ACF2 Administration Guide for full details. Current versions of the documentation can be obtained from CA ACF2 for z/OS product page.
Within TPX, there are two separate aspects of Pass Ticket support: Users and Applications. You can implement one or the other or both depending upon your site requirements.
You can specify pass ticket and/or qualified pass ticket for users and applications. When both are specified, CA TPX attempts to use the most secure form of pass ticket available based on the settings in CA TPX and the Pass Ticket Profile, if any, as defined in the external security system.
A. Logon to TPX with a Pass Ticket
- Set User Option ' Pass Ticket User: Y ' either in first profile assigned to a user or directly in user level
- To use qualified pass tickets, set ' Qualified PTick User : Y ' either in first profile assigned to a user or directly in user level
This parameter does not impact the actual sign on to TPX. TPX accepts the userid and password then makes a security call for validation. TPX is unaware of whether the password field contains a password or pass ticket at this point.
It is only after the user is signed on to TPX where this parameter becomes important, and these are outlined in the field level help:
- If the user is passed to another TPX by the Affinity feature, a pass ticket is generated for the TPX that the user is passed to.
- If a signoff command (/F) occurs, it is converted to a logoff. This includes those produced by a timeout.
- Timeouts that would lock the terminal are converted to logoffs.
- The user must supply a lock word when locking the terminal.
B. Logon to applications with a Pass Ticket
- The application must be defined in CA TPX with session data that contains &PSWD or a startup ACL that keys in &PSWD to ensure secured signon using Pass Ticket.
- NOTE: TPX sends session data to security as one line. For TSO to use session data for signon requires the ACF2 C(GSO) TSO record to specify QLOGON. If your site uses NOQLOGON, you must use an ACL to sign on to TSO rather than session data. (See Additional Information section below regarding ACF2 & TSO.)
- Session Options requirements
- Set ' Generate Pass Ticket: Y ' in the ACT (Application Characteristics Table), or Profile Session Options, or User Session Options.
- To use qualified pass tickets, set ' Gen Qualified Pass Ticket: Y ' in the ACT, or Profile Session Options, or User Session Options.
- Set 'Pass Ticket Prof name', if required, in the ACT. (Parameter is not available at profile or user level.)
- This pass ticket profile name will be supplied to the external security system instead of userid during Pass Ticket generation.
- When Prof name is NOT specified (field left blank), TPX issues the pass ticket request with the USERID & APPLID.
- When Prof name is specified, TPX issues the pass ticket request with the USERID & Prof name.
You can use security traces to verify whether or not your application requires a 'Pass Ticket Prof name' to be defined.
- Run a SECTRACE against the TPX address space (using TPX jobname) to verify the generation of a pass ticket in ACF2.
- Repeat the test with a second SECTRACE against the application to verify what entity the application is sending to ACF2 for validation.
- If it is not the VTAM APPLID, define this entity in the TPX ACT 'Pass Ticket Prof name' field so that TPX requests the pass ticket for this value instead of the APPLID.
- It is important to not run each SECTRACE at the same time so that the trace data remains specific to either TPX or the application.
- Also ensure the entity identified in the trace on the application (the one that you are specifying in 'Pass Ticket Prof name') is defined within ACF2 PTKTDATA.
- To verify if the profile name has been set up for pass tickets:
SET PROFILE (PTKTDATA) DIVISION(SSIGNON)
- If does not exist, you can define it as follows:
SET PROFILE(PTKTDATA) DIVISION(SSIGNON)
INSERT profname SSKEY(ENCRYPTION DATA)
'Pass Ticket Prof name' is usually required for TSO and VM systems, where this parameter will have the value "TSOsmfid" or "VMcpuid".
- TSO - TSOsmfid
- VM – Vmcpuid
Other applications requiring Pass Ticket prof name, as provided to us by TPX customers: (Please verify for your environment.)
- MVSxxxx system default
- ABENDAID - As per the vendor (Compuware) :
On page 102 of the Installation and Configuration Guide, see section entitled
"If You Have Restricted Application Security",
"If you have restricted application security (Resource Class=APPL), be aware that
the Abend-AID Viewer uses the 'viewing server name', and not the LU 2 or LU 6.2 'APPLID'
associated with the viewing server, when issuing the RACROUTE verification at user logon time.
The viewing server name is specified on the execute statement in the server JCL.
Check your JCL, If you have SAMPLE1 in this parm in your viewing server - PARM='SAMPLE1,VIEWER,SZS',
This will be considered for correct passticket generation for Abend-aid.
A logon to the OMEGAMON Classic will work today using Passtickets.
Make sure that the PTKTDATA Profile is set up for the 'CANDLE' application.
That is because the exit, KOMRACFX, uses 'CANDLE' as the application name on the RACROUTE calls.
Likewise, a logon to the OMEGAMON II (CUA) will work using Passtickets, as long as you
have a valid PTKTDATA profile set up for the CUA applid.
However, problems arise when the CUA attempts an internal logon to the Classic applid.
That fails because it attempts to re-use the same passticket on that internal logon.
The same passticket can not be reused with a different application.
In order to get around this, there are 2 things to do:
1. Modify the KOMRACFX exit so that the Classic logon will use the same CUA application on the security calls. In the exit, look for this line:
M$APPL DC CL8'CANDLE'
That defines 'CANDLE' as the application being used. Change the 'CANDLE' to be your CUA Applid.
Then the internal Classic logon will use the same application, and will be able to reuse the Passticket.
2. In order to be able to 're-use' the passticket, you need to specify 'MULT-USE' on the PTKTDATA resource.
That allows the same passticket to be reused for up to 10 minutes.
There may be other applications that may require a non-standard RACROUTE verification, other than the application name.
This should be determined in conjunction with that application vendor and your security administrator.
Additional Setup Requirements:
- SMRT Optional Parameters: Set both of these to Y:
- SMRT Option 030 - This option will cause users defined as Pass Ticket Users to return to the CA TPX logo if a signoff command is entered or generated. Pass Ticket users normally would not see the CA TPX logo because all signoffs are normally converted to logoffs. If a user returns to the CA TPX logo then subsequently signs on with their real password, the signon will not be secured using the Pass Ticket technique.
- SMRT Option 031 - This option will display "Pass Ticket" on the CA TPX menu in the location where "Check Messages" might appear (the W3 variable), if a user is defined as a Pass Ticket User. The "Check Messages"indication temporarily overrides the "Pass Ticket" indication. This option will cause the letters "PTIX" or the words "Pass Ticket" to appear on the menu in the "Status" column, for any application defined as a "Pass Ticket Application". These are the UENTWSTS and UENTWSTL variables, respectively. Other status indicator will temporarily override the Pass Ticket indication.
- SMRT Reserved Options:
Access the SMRT Reserved Options by entering command “OPTIONS” on the SMRT Optional Parameters panel, then scroll down to set these options:
- RsvOpt 041 - When using pass ticket instead of password/phrase to access applications, set RsvOpt 41 to Y to ensure the user-id has been validated through the external security manager (Top Secret/ACF2/RACF) to gain access to TPX. This will handle the case where certain user-ids are set to SECURITY=NONE and should not have a pass ticket generated for them to access an application.
- RsvOpt 042 - (Optional) Set RsvOpt 042 to Y if you need pass ticket generation messages in the TPX log for audit or other site requirements (TPXL0920, TPXL0921, TPXL0922, TPXL0923). These messages are useful during implementation and testing of pass tickets.
To ensure that all changes have been implemented, cycle TPX or use TPXOPER RELOAD for each change.