CEM agents are unable to connect to SMP through CEM. In the agent logs we see the following:
HTTP status 503: The service is temporarily overloaded (0x8FA101F7)
Connections to the Internet Gateway are fine and the task intermittently functions
In at least one instance of this issue, the Notification Server/SMP had certificate revocations in MMC for the CEM signing certificates (Agent CA and Server CA)
Also possibly related, the Internet Gateway didn't have its own certificate installed to the Trusted Root Certificate store
Before making any changes, ensure you have recent server backups.
On the Notification Server, open MMC and add the "Certificates" snap-in for the computer account
Remove any needed CEM-related certificates from "Trusted Root Certificate Authorities" > "Certificate Revocation List"
On the Internet Gateway(s) refresh servers from the servers tab in the Internet Gateway Manager
Also from the Internet Gateway Manager, open the certificate the IG is using for CEM, and if the certificate is not installed or trusted, install to the Trusted Root Certificate Authorities store