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process memory monitoring

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Article ID: 243894

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Updated On:

Products

DX Unified Infrastructure Management (Nimsoft / UIM)

Issue/Introduction

Server memory is 32 GB. I configure monitoring a process memory usage using the processes probe. Memory usage of the process is shown as 38 GB.

Why is the process memory usage greater than the server memory?

 

 

Environment

Release : 20.4

Component : UIM - PROCESSES

Resolution

UNIX/Linux

A process can be larger than physical memory on the machine.

Virtual memory is a technique that allows the execution of processes that are not completely in memory. One major advantage of this scheme is that programs can be larger than physical memory.

There's a hard limit for all users in the system, set by the administrator. Then, there's a soft limit, which each user can set themselves. These limits remain in place until they're changed.

The values monitored by the processes probe are the Virtual Memory (Real + Swap). 

This value should be similar to that reported by the top command in Linux/UNIX 

VIRT -- Virtual Image (kb) The total amount of virtual memory used by the task. It includes all code, data and shared libraries plus pages that have been swapped out. (Note: you can define the STATSIZE=1 environment variable and the VIRT will be calculated from the /proc/#/state VmSize field.) VIRT = SWAP + RES. 

We use the ‘vsz’ parameter from the following command: /bin/ps -e -o pid,ppid,user,pri,vsz,time,args

From the ‘ps’ man page: vsz VSZ virtual memory size of the process in KiB (1024-byte units). 

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