This document describes how best to utilize the IF set-name MEMBER condition in a cobol program.
Care needs to be taken when using the IF set-name MEMBER test in a cobol program.
The IF set-name MEMBER test issues a CALL to IDMS. The action taken after the IF set-name MEMBER test depends upon the value that CALL returns in ERROR-STATUS. The most common values are:-
0000 The current record is a member of the named set 1601 The current member is not a member of the named set 1608 The type of the current record of rununit is not the same as the member record type of the named set.
The 1608 most likely indicates a program bug and tells you nothing about whether or not a particular record is a member of the named set. If not coded correctly, an IF set-name MEMBER test may interpret a 1608 as meaning that the member record is not a member of the named set, when that is not the case.
For example, consider this code:-
IF set-name MEMBER THEN PERFORM PROCESS-MEMBER ELSE PERFORM PROCESS-NON-MEMBER END-IF.
The IF test generates a CALL followed by a test for whether or not ERROR-STATUS is '0000'. If there is an error in the prior coding and the current record of rununit is not a member type of the named set, then a '1608' will be returned and the above code will invoke PROCESS-NON-MEMBER. That is most likely not the desired effect.
The best method is to code it like this:-
IF NOT set-name MEMBER THEN PERFORM PROCESS-NON-MEMBER ELSE PERFORM IDMS-STATUS PERFORM PROCESS-MEMBER END-IF.
The IF NOT test generates a CALL followed by a test for whether or not ERROR-STATUS is '1601'. This correctly indicates that the current record of rununit is of the correct type but is not a member of the named set.
If ERROR-STATUS is not '1601', control falls to the ELSE clause. The PERFORM IDMS-STATUS ensures that if ERROR-STATUS is '1608' (i.e., the current record of rununit is not a member type of the named set), or indeed if ERROR-STATUS is anything else other than '0000', then the program is aborted.
If ERROR-STATUS is '0000', PROCESS-MEMBER will be correctly performed.