Microsoft Software Update: MS12-082-Windows6.1-KB2770660-x64.msu continually failed on Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 Enterprise x64
Exit Code: 2359302
Patch Management 7.5.x, 7.6.x and 8.0.x
Found Operation System level data corruption was present; preventing file version from updating when the Software Update installed.
Found uninstalling the Software Update from Add/Remove, to clear it from the system's update listing, and reinstalling the Software Update via Patch Management Solution, cleared the corruption and the update installed without errors.